The term “jouncy” was born out of a combination of the words bouncy and jolting – and it’s a pretty good way to describe stock markets last week.
Early in the week, the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index experienced daily swings between gains and losses of about one percent. Other major U.S. indices saw sizeable fluctuations in value too. Lu Wang of Bloomberg reported:
“The harrowing reversals reflect a particularly stark divide between bull and bear cases in markets right now. On one side, risk appetites are being constricted by lingering uncertainty over the government debt ceiling, tightening Federal Reserve policy and disrupted supply chains. At the same time, sentiment is being buttressed by improving [COVID-19] trends, an economy that keeps chugging along and forecasts for more double-digit earnings growth from corporate America.”
Considering how volatile things were early in the week, investors were remarkably sanguine about Friday’s less-than-stellar employment report. The Bureau of Labor Statistics indicated that less than 200,000 jobs were created in September.3
According to Ben Levisohn of Barron’s, the number was below expectations and provided relatively little insight to economic growth. “Yes, the U.S. added just 194,000 jobs in September, well below forecasts for 500,000, and that’s the kind of miss that would suggest a slowing economy. The number, though, was close to meaningless, given the seasonal adjustments – which may have skewed it lower – and by comparison to the household survey, which showed more than 500,000 new jobs as the unemployment rate fell to 4.8%. Try making an investment decision off that.”
Consumers, investors and central bankers are also expending a lot of energy worrying about power – the kind of power that’s generated by natural gas, oil, coal, wind, sun and other resources. Inequalities between supply and demand in energy markets have caused prices to rise and are putting upward pressure on inflation, according to Julia Horowitz of CNN Business.
Major U.S. indices finished the week higher, although the Nasdaq Composite’s gain was just 0.1 percent.The yield on a 10-year U.S. Treasury rose to 1.6 percent.
LOW ENERGY. In many parts of the world, there is currently a discrepancy between energy supply and energy demand. In some countries, it is creating challenges that haven’t been experienced in some time. For instance:
- In Europe, the cost to heat the average home rose about fivefold from September 2020 to September 2021, according to The Economist.
- In India, where about 70 percent of electricity is generated by burning coal, coal supplies are running low, according to Arunoday Mukharji of BBC.
- In China, rolling blackouts have been used to address an electricity shortage, reported Peter Hoskins of BBC.
- In Lebanon, power plants went offline over the weekend and the country is expected to be without power for several days, reported Laila Bassam of Reuters.
- In the U.S., oil prices hit a seven-year high. Gasoline prices rose above $3 per gallon across the country and in some places, exceeded $5 per gallon, reported Pippa Stevens of CNBC.
There are many reasons for the current energy shortage, reported Will Englund of The Washington Post.“The economic recovery from the pandemic recession lies behind the crisis, coming after a year of retrenchment in coal, oil and gas extraction. Other factors include an unusually cold winter in Europe that drained reserves, a series of hurricanes that forced shutdowns of Gulf oil refineries, a turn for the worse in relations between China and Australia that led Beijing to stop importing coal from Down Under, and a protracted calm spell over the North Sea that has sharply curtailed the output of electricity-generating wind turbines.”
The energy shortage may be more difficult to overcome than other types of shortages because investment in fossil fuels has been declining as the world moves toward lower emissions and greener energy sources, opined The Economist. “The long-term challenge is to smooth out volatility as the switch to renewables continues.”
Weekly Focus – Think About It
“Do I contradict myself?
Very well then I contradict myself,
(I am large, I contain multitudes.)”
—Walt Whitman, poet
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